Resolution on the Centenary of the October Revolution
First Congress of the Fronte Popolare / People’s Front (Italy), June 3, 2017
We must begin our First Congress by joining with the thousands of communists and revolutionaries around the world who are celebrating the 100th anniversary of the 1917 October Revolution in Russia, where the workers, peasants and soldiers — led by the Bolshevik Party — took power and began, for the first time in history, the construction of a socialist society.
For us this is not an empty, nostalgic memory, as the common clichés — even on the left — would have us believe. Indeed, it is the exact opposite.
Rather, it is the recognition of the enormous importance of that event: from the October Revolution a gigantic liberation movement was born, which shaped the whole of the 20th century; liberation from fascism, the great process of decolonization and revolutions in the Third World, the social gains achieved in the capitalist center, are all children of the Soviet revolution.
As it was with the French Revolution, from 1917 onward, the position in relation to the October Revolution and what it represents is the dividing line between progress and reaction.
It is also recognition of the importance of revolutionary leadership, represented by the figure of Lenin, who made a fundamental theoretical and practical contribution in developing Marxist theory and applying it to the reality of his own time, a contribution that not by chance is denigrated and reviled by those who — in every age — prefer the comfort of ministerial seats to the difficulties of the struggle.
After the betrayal and defeat of the Soviet Union, the propaganda campaign aimed at condemning this historical experience and criminalizing any attempt to build an alternative social system to capitalism has increased.
In our opinion, the communists must make their own analysis of that experience by refusing both a liquidationist approach and an uncritically dogmatic one.
Only by analyzing dialectically the experience of really-existing socialism, as well as of the countries — in the most diverse national conditions – that even today continue to set themselves the goal of building a socialist society, can the communist movement learn useful lessons from history and make progress.
We must therefore investigate more carefully the economic choices that encouraged the re-emergence of parasitic social sectors and policies that favored the bureaucratisation of the ruling group and its progressive elimination of revolutionary ideology, as well as the different strategies implemented by imperialism to divide the communist movement and promote these processes of disintegration.
To celebrate the October Revolution is, finally and above all, to proclaim its relevance. The capitalist system, based on the pursuit of profit above all other considerations, shows every day that it is the root cause of the problems and tragedies of the contemporary world.
From the destruction of the environment to the widespread exploitation of workers, up to the continuous wars and instability growing in every corner of the world, this system increasingly puts the very survival of human civilization at risk.
The October Revolution showed that this system, in which the ruling class takes possession of the fruits of others’ labor, is not permanent, but can be defeated and overcome by organized political struggle.
Another society, in which political and economic power are in the hands of workers and where — instead of profit private — the objective is cultural and material development of all citizens, is possible.
This is the relevance of the October Revolution.
To us falls the task of being worthy of our history.
Translated by Greg Butterfield